Recent Publications

Please check my Google Scholar for a full list and the most up to date list of publications.

Lab members and myself are bolded.

In press

Grenke, Jessica; Bork, Edward; Carlyle, Cameron N.; Boyce, Mark; Cahill, James F. Limited impacts of adaptive multi-paddock grazing systems on plant diversity in the Northern Great Plains. Journal of Applied Ecology

P Stiblíková, A Klimeš, JF Cahill, T Koubek, M Weiser (in press). Interspecific differences in root foraging precision cannot be directly inferred from species’ mycorrhizal status or fine root economics. Oikos

Tianna Barber-Cross, Alessandro Filazzola, Charlotte Brown, Margarete A. Dettlaff, Amgaa Batbaatar, Jessica Grenke, Isaac Peetoom Heida, & James F. Cahill Jr. A global inventory of animal biodiversity measured in different grazing treatments. Scientific data.


Charlotte Brown & James Cahill (2022). Competitive size asymmetry, not intensity, is linked to species loss and gain in a native grassland community. Ecology e3675

Amgaa Batbaatar, Cameron N Carlyle, Edward W Bork, Scott X Chang, James F Cahill Jr (2022). Multi-year drought alters plant species composition more than productivity across northern temperate grasslands. Journal of Ecology 110:197-209

James S Santangelo & Marc Johnson + 276 more authors, including James Cahill, Margarete Dettlaff, Megan Ljubotina. (2022). Global urban environmental change drives adaptation in white clover. Science 375:1275-1281

Ellen A Smith, Emily M Holden, Charlotte Brown, James F Cahill Jr (2022). Disturbance has lasting effects on functional traits and diversity of grassland plant communities. PeerJ 10:e13179

Jingying Jing, Wei Gao, Lingyun Cheng, Xin Wang, Fengying Duan, Lixing Yuan, Zed Rengel, Fusuo Zhang, Haigang Li, James F Cahill Jr, Jianbo Shen (2022). Harnessing root-foraging capacity to improve nutrient-use efficiency for sustainable maize production. Field Crops Research 279:108462


Batbaatar, A., Bork, E. W., Broadbent, T., Alexander, M. J., & Cahill, J. F., & Carlyle, C. N. (2021). Grazing alters the sensitivity of plant productivity to precipitation in northern temperate grasslands. Journal of Vegetation Science. 32:e13008

Alessandro Filazzola and James Cahill. (2021). Replication in field ecology: Identifying challenges and proposing solutions. Methods in ecology and evolution 10:1780-1792

Peetoom Heida, I., Brown, C., Dettlaff, M. A., Oppon, K J., & Cahill, J. F. (2021). Presence of a dominant native shrub is associated with minor shifts in the function and composition of grassland communities in a northern savannah. AoB Plants 13:plab011

Margarete A Dettlaff, Nadir Erbilgin, James F Cahill Jr (2021) An invasive grass and litter impact tree encroachment into a native grassland. Applied vegetation science 24:e12618

Davison, J., Moora, M., Semchenko, M., Adenan, S. B., … Batbaatar, A., Brown, C., Bueno, G., Cahill Jr, J. F, … & Maarja Öpik (2021). Temperature and pH define the realised niche space of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 231:763-776.

Rodriguez‐Ramos, J. C., Cale, J. A., Cahill, J. F., Simard, S. W., Karst, J., & Erbilgin, N. (2021). Changes in soil fungal community composition depend on functional group and forest disturbance type. New Phytologist, 229 (2), 1105-1117

Wenqi Luo, Ming Ni, Youshi Wang, Run Lan, David Eissenstat, James Cahill, Buhang Li, Chengjin Chu (2021). Limited evidence of vertical root segregation in a subtropical forest. New Phytologist 231:2308-2318

Vanessa Agbulu, Rashaduz Zaman, Guncha Ishangulyyeva, James F Cahill, N Erbilgin (2021). Host defense metabolites alter the interactions between a bark beetle and its symbiotic fungi. Microbial ecology

Edward W Bork, Timm F Döbert, Jessica SJ Grenke, Cameron N Carlyle, James F Cahill Jr, Mark S Boyce (2021). Comparative pasture management on Canadian cattle ranches with and without Adaptive Multipaddock Grazing. Rangeland ecology and management. 78:5-14

Qian Wu, Haiyan Ren, Ton Bisseling, Scott X Chang, Zhen Wang, Yuanheng Li, Zhanlei Pan, Yinghao Liu, James F Cahill Jr, Xu Cheng, Mengli Zhao, Zhongwu Wang, Zhiguo Li, Guodong Han (2021). Long-Term Warming and Nitrogen Addition Have Contrasting Effects on Ecosystem Carbon Exchange in a Desert Steppe. Environmental science & technology 55:7256-7265


Filazzola, A., Brown, C., Dettlaff, M. A., Batbaatar, A., Grenke, J., Bao, T., Peetoom Heida, I., & Cahill, J. F. (2020). The effects of livestock grazing on biodiversity are multi‐trophic: a meta‐analysis. Ecology Letters, 23 (8), 1298-1309

Zhang, D., Lyu, Y., Li, H., Tang, X., Hu, R., Rengel, Z., Zhang, F., Whalley, W. R., Davies, W. J., & Cahill, J. F. (2020). Neighbouring plants modify maize root foraging for phosphorus: coupling nutrients and neighbours for improved nutrient‐use efficiency. New Phytologist, 226 (1), 244-253

Pec, G. J., Simard, S. W., Cahill, J. F., & Karst, J. (2020). The effects of ectomycorrhizal fungal networks on seedling establishment are contingent on species and severity of overstorey mortality. Mycorrhiza, 1-11

Beck, J. L., Cale, J. A., Rodriguez‐Ramos, J. C., Kanekar, S. S., Karst, J., Cahill, J. F., Simard, S. W., & Erbilgin, N. (2020). Changes in soil fungal communities following anthropogenic disturbance are linked to decreased lodgepole pine seedling performance. Journal of Applied Ecology, 57, 1292-1302

Brown, C., & Cahill Jr, J. F. (2020). Standing vegetation as a coarse biotic filter for seed bank dynamics: Effects of gap creation on seed inputs and outputs in a native grassland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 31 (6), 1006-1016

Stotz, G. C., Cahill J. F., Bennett, J. A., Carlyle, C. N., Bork, E. W., Askarizadeh, D., Bartha, S., Beierkuhnlein, C., Boldgiv, B., & Brown, L. (2020). Not a melting pot: Plant species aggregate in their non‐native range. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 29 (3), 482-490

Wang, P., Hasnain, M., Cahill, J.F., & Wu, D. (2020). The multi-response of root foraging strategy to a neighbor, soil heterogeneity and earthworm. Applied Soil Ecology, 155, 103684

Cahill, JF. (2020). Alberta grassland plant trait data.

Ma, Z., Chang, S. X., Bork, E. W., Steinaker, D. F., Wilson, S. D., White, S. R., & Cahill, J. F. (2020). Climate change and defoliation interact to affect root length across northern temperate grasslands. Functional Ecology, 34 (12), 2611-2621

Chagnon, PL., Brown, C., & Cahill, J.F. (2020). Saprotrophs and nitrifiers, not pathogens, drive plant-soil feedbacks in a semi-arid grassland. Authorea Preprints

Klutsch, J. G., Classens, G., Whitehouse, C., Cahill, J. F., & Erbilgin, N. (2020). Density-dependent responses of mountain pine beetle to its pheromones and host volatiles in naïve lodgepole pine stands. Forest Ecology and Management, 472, 118257


Bao, T., Carlyle, C. N., Bork, E. W., Becker, M., Alexander, M. J., DeMaere, C., de Souza, D. M., Farr, D., McAllister, T. A., Selin, C. , & Cahill, J. F., (2019). Survey of cattle and pasture management practices on focal pastures in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 99 (4), 955-961

Stotz, G. C., Gianoli, E., & Cahill, J. F. (2019). Biotic homogenization within and across eight widely distributed grasslands following invasion by Bromus inermis. Ecology, 100.0(7.0), e02717

Brown, C., Oppon, K. J., & Cahill, J. F. (2019). Species‐specific size vulnerabilities in a competitive arena: Nutrient heterogeneity and soil fertility alter plant competitive size asymmetries. Functional Ecology, 33 (8), 1491-1503

Pec, G. J., Ljubotina, M. K., & Cahill J. F. (2019). Methods in belowground botany. Applications in Plant Sciences, 7 (4), e01239

Pec, G. J., & Cahill J. F. (2019). Large-scale insect outbreak homogenizes the spatial structure of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. PeerJ, 7, e6895

Bork, E. W., Attaeian, B., Cahill, J. F., & Chang, S. X. (2019). Soil nitrogen and greenhouse gas dynamics in a temperate grassland under experimental warming and defoliation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 83 (3), 780-790

Brown, C., & Cahill, J. F. (2019). Vertical size structure is associated with productivity and species diversity in a short‐stature grassland: Evidence for the importance of height variability within herbaceous communities. Journal of Vegetation Science, 30 (5), 789-798

Cahill, J. F. (2019). The inevitability of plant behavior. American Journal of Botany, 106 (7), 903-905

Yamawo, A., Ohsaki, H., & Cahill, J. F. (2019). Damage to leaf veins suppresses root foraging precision. American journal of botany, 106 (8), 1126-1130

Komatsu, K. J., Avolio, M. L., Lemoine, N. P., Isbell, F., Grman, E., Houseman, G. R., Koerner, S. E., Johnson, D. S., Wilcox, K. R.,… Cahill, J. F., White, S., … & Alatalo, J. M. (2019). Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116 (36), 17867-17873

Ljubotina, M. K., & Cahill, J. F. (2019). Effects of neighbour location and nutrient distributions on root foraging behaviour of the common sunflower. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 286 (1911), 20190955

Bork, E., Grenke, J., Carlyle, C., Döbert, T., Cahill, J., & Boyce, M. (2019). Comparative Management Attributes Associated with Adaptive Multi-Paddock (AMP) Grazed Ranches and Neighbouring Cattle Operations.


Bennett, J. A., & Cahill, J. F. (2018). Flowering and floral visitation predict changes in community structure provided that mycorrhizas remain intact. Ecology, 99 (6), 1480-1489

Chagnon, PL., Brown, C., Stotz, G. C., & Cahill , J. F. (2018). Soil biotic quality lacks spatial structure and is positively associated with fertility in a northern grassland. Journal of Ecology, 106 (1), 195-206

McNickle, G. G., Lamb, E. G., Lavender, M., Cahill, J. F., Schamp, B. S., Siciliano, S. D., Condit, R., Hubbell, S. P., & Baltzer, J. L. (2018). Checkerboard score–area relationships reveal spatial scales of plant community structure. Oikos, 127 (3), 415-426

Stotz, G. C., Gianoli, E., & Cahill, J. F. (2018). Maternal experience and soil origin influence interactions between resident species and a dominant invasive species. Oecologia, 186 (1), 247-257

Bao, T., Melenka, G. W., Ljubotina, M. K., Carey, J. P., & Cahill, J. F. (2018). A new method for the rapid characterization of root growth and distribution using digital image correlation. New Phytologist, 218 (2), 835-846

Bao, T., Roy, G., & Cahill, J. F. (2018). Photosynthetic opportunity cost and energetic cost of a rapid leaf closure behavior in Mimosa pudica. American journal of botany, 105 (9), 1491-1498

Grenke, J., Cahill, J. F., & Bork, E. W. (2018). Quantification of Multi-Use Trail Effects Using a Rangeland Health Monitoring Approach and Google Earth. Natural Areas Journal, 38 (5), 370-379

Dettlaff, M. A., Marshall, V., Erbilgin, N., & Cahill, J. F. (2018). Root condensed tannins vary over time, but are unrelated to leaf tannins. AoB Plants, 10 (4), ply044


Wilcox, K. R., Tredennick, A. T., Koerner, S. E., Grman, E., Hallett, L. M., Avolio, M. L., La Pierre, K. J., Houseman, G. R., Isbell, F., … Cahill, J. F … & Johnson, D. S. (2017). Asynchrony among local communities stabilises ecosystem function of metacommunities. Ecology Letters, 20 (12), 1534-1545

Kahlon, J. G., Jacobsen, HJ., Cahill, J. F., & Hall, L. M. (2017). Antifungal genes expressed in transgenic pea (Pisum sativum L.) do not affect root colonization of arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi. Mycorrhiza, 27 (7), 683-694

Wilcox, K. R., Shi, Z., Gherardi, L. A., Lemoine, N. P., Koerner, S. E., Hoover, D. L., Bork, E., Byrne, K. M., Cahill, J.F., & Collins, S. L. (2017). Asymmetric responses of primary productivity to precipitation extremes: a synthesis of grassland precipitation manipulation experiments. Global Change Biology, 23 (10), 4376-4385

Stotz, G. C., Gianoli, E., Patchell, M. J., & Cahill, J. F. (2017). Differential responses of native and exotic plant species to an invasive grass are driven by variation in biotic and abiotic factors. Journal of Vegetation Science, 28 (2), 325-336

Pec, G. J., Karst, J., Taylor, D. L., Cigan, P. W., Erbilgin, N., Cooke, J. E. K., Simard, S. W., & Cahill, J. F. (2017). Change in soil fungal community structure driven by a decline in ectomycorrhizal fungi following a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak. New Phytologist, 213 (2), 864-873

Cahill, J. F., Cale, J. A., Karst, J., Bao, T., Pec, G. J., & Erbilgin, N. (2017). No silver bullet: different soil handling techniques are useful for different research questions, exhibit differential type I and II error rates, and are sensitive to sampling intensity. New Phytologist, 216 (1), 11-14


Stotz, G. C., Pec, G. J., & Cahill, J. F. (2016). Is biotic resistance to invaders dependent upon local environmental conditions or primary productivity? A meta-analysis. Basic and Applied Ecology, 17 (5), 377-387

Stotz, G. C., Gianoli, E., & Cahill, J. F. (2016). Spatial pattern of invasion and the evolutionary responses of native plant species. Evolutionary Applications, 9.0(8.0), 939-951

McNickle, G. G., Deyholos, M. K., & Cahill, J. F. (2016). Nutrient foraging behaviour of four co‐occurring perennial grassland plant species alone does not predict behaviour with neighbours. Functional Ecology, 30 (3), 420-430

Bennett, J. A., & Cahill, J. F. (2016). Fungal effects on plant–plant interactions contribute to grassland plant abundances: evidence from the field. Journal of Ecology, 104 (3), 755-764

Carrigy, A. A., Stotz, G. C., Dettlaff, M. A., Pec, G. J., Erbilgin, N., & Cahill, J. F. (2016). Community-level determinants of smooth brome (Bromus inermis) growth and survival in the aspen parkland. Plant Ecology, 217 (11), 1395-1413

Fraser, L. H., Cahill, J. F., & Lortie, C. J. (2016). Roy Turkington and his legacy to the science of plant ecology. Plant Ecology, 217 (11), 1291-1295


Cigan, P. W., Karst, J., Cahill, J. F., Sywenky, A. N., Pec, G. J., & Erbilgin, N. (2015). Influence of bark beetle outbreaks on nutrient cycling in native pine stands in western Canada. Plant and Soil, 390 (1), 29-47

Mayor, S. J., Cahill, J. F., He, F., & Boutin, S. (2015). Scaling disturbance instead of richness to better understand anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity. PloS One, 10 (5), e0125579

Gerhold, P., Cahill, J. F., Winter, M., Bartish, I. V., & Prinzing, A. (2015). Phylogenetic patterns are not proxies of community assembly mechanisms (they are far better). Functional Ecology, 29.0(5.0), 600-614

Mayor, S. J., Boutin, S., He, F., & Cahill, J. F. (2015). Limited impacts of extensive human land use on dominance, specialization, and biotic homogenization in boreal plant communities. BMC ecology, 15 (1), 1-11

Inderjit, & Cahill, J. F. (2015). Linkages of plant–soil feedbacks and underlying invasion mechanisms. AoB Plants, 7

Pec, G. J., Karst, J., Sywenky, A. N., Cigan, P. W., Erbilgin, N., Simard, S. W., & Cahill, J. F. (2015). Rapid increases in forest understory diversity and productivity following a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak in pine forests. PLoS One, 10 (4), e0124691

Cahill, J. F. (2015). Introduction to the Special Issue: Beyond traits: integrating behaviour into plant ecology and biology. AoB Plants, 7.0

Belter, P. R., & Cahill, J. F. (2015). Disentangling root system responses to neighbours: identification of novel root behavioural strategies. AoB Plants, 7.0

Karst, J., Erbilgin, N., Pec, G. J., Cigan, P. W., Najar, A., Simard, S. W., & Cahill, J. F. (2015). Ectomycorrhizal fungi mediate indirect effects of a bark beetle outbreak on secondary chemistry and establishment of pine seedlings. New Phytologist, 208 (3), 904-914

Forcino, F. L., Leighton, L. R., Twerdy, P., & Cahill, J. F. (2015). Reexamining sample size requirements for multivariate, abundance-based community research: when resources are limited, the research does not have to be. PLoS One, 10.0(6.0), e0128379

Fraser, L. H., Pither, J., Jentsch, A., Sternberg, M., Zobel, M., Askarizadeh, D., Bartha, S., Beierkuhnlein, C., Bennett, J. A., Bittel, A., … Cahill, J.F., … & Zupo, T. (2015). Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness. Science, 349.0(6245.0), 302-305

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